Annapurna Region is in fact known as Annapurna Massif which is called the compact groups of peaks. Annapurna Massif is located in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal. Annapurna Massif consists of one peak over 8,000 meters, thirteen peaks over 7,000 meters, and sixteen 6,000 meters high respectively. 55 km (34 mi) long Annapurna Massif is bounded on the west by the Kali Gandaki Gorge, on the north and east by the Marshyangdi River and on the south by the Pokhara valley.
The first and largest conservation area of Nepal, Annapurna Conservation area protects the entire massif and surrounding area within the 7,629 square kilometers (2,946 sq. mi).
Highlights of the Annapurna Mountain Region
- 10th Highest Mountain in the World
- Amazing Panorama of Annapurna Massif Range
- Tilicho – World’s Highest Lake
- Annapurna Conservation Area
- Evergreen Botanical, Bamboo, and Rhododendron trees.
- Apple Garden of Mustang
- Thorong La Pass (World Highest Pass)
- Kaligandaki George – Deepest George in the world
- Muktinath Temple, Monasteries and other Temple
- Settlement of Gurung, Magar and Thakali People
The Annapurna Massif includes six prominent peaks over 7,200m (23,600 ft.) high are:
- Annapurna I (main) – 8,091 m
- Annapurna II – 7,937 m
- Annapurna III – 7,555 m
- Annapurna IV – 7,525 m
- Annapurna south – 7,219 m
- Gangapurna – 7,455 m
There are many other peaks in Annapurna Massif;
- Annapurna I Central – 8,051m
- Annapurna I East – 8,010m
- Annapurna Fang – 7,647m
- Tilicho Peak – 7,135m
- Machhapuchchhre – 6,993m
- Hiunchuli – 6,441m
- Gandharba chuli – 6,248m
Annapurna Region Hiking Routes
Annapurna Base Camp Trek is the most popular trekking destination in Nepal. Every year, Two-third of the trekker explore the Annapurna region. The beautiful lake city of Nepal, Pokhara is considered to be the starting point of the trek. The scenario of the Annapurna region is indeed splendid.
During the trek, trekkers encounter a wonderful experience and great opportunity to enjoy the incredible diverse scenario, unique settlement, lifestyle, culture, tradition, and hospitality of Nepalese. Trekkers also get a great opportunity to observe a beautiful sunrise and sunset view. There are many other trekking routes in the Annapurna Region. Some of the popular trekking destinations are:
- Annapurna Circuit Trek
- Annapurna Base Camp Trek
- Tilicho Lake Trek
- Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek
- Mardi Himal Trek
- Khopra Danda Trek
- Nar Phu Valley Trek
- Muldai View Point Trek
Some Popular Peaks around Annapurna Massif
- Annapurna I
The Tenth highest mountain in the world, Annapurna I main is located in the Annapurna Massif at around 8,091metres (26,545 ft.) above sea level. Maurice Herzog, the French peak climber did his first expedition with the team on Annapurna I in 1950 which went successful. Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer was the first winter climber who successfully climbed on 3 February 1987. Don Whillans and Dougal Haston first climbed south face of the Annapurna without using supplementary oxygen.
- Annapurna II
British/Indian/Nepalese team led by J.O.M Roberts first climbed Annapurna II in 1960 via the west ridge. The elevation of Annapurna II is 7,937m which is 16th highest mountain in the world.
- Annapurna III
The height of Annapurna III is 7,555m above sea level which is the 42nd highest mountain in the world. An Indian expedition led by cap. Mohan Singh Kohli first climbed Annapurna III on 6 may, 1961 via the Northeast face. Similarly, the first women climb Annapurna III was a Japanese women’s expedition group on 19 May 1970.
- Annapurna IV
Annapurna IV is 7,525 m high which is 47th highest mountain in the world. A German expedition led by Heinz Steinmetz first climbed Annapurna IV in 1955 via the North Face and Northwest Ridge.
- Annapurna South
101st highest mountain in the world, Annapurna south is 7,219 m high. It was successfully climbed in 1964 by a team consisting of 6 people from the Kyoto University Alpine Club.
The word Gangapurna came from Sanskrit which is called “The water- giving goddess”. German expeditions led by Gunther Hauser were the first to climb Gangapurna on 6 May 1965.